Ransomware attacks are the incidents fast becoming popular in the computing world. WannaCry and Petya ransomware attacks hampered the work of both individuals and businesses across the globe.
Imagine that you want to pull up a certain file, but, all of a sudden, you notice yourself staring at a locked screen with no ability to access your system.
This is where cybercriminal installs a malware in your PC to extort money from you. Instructions are shown on the user’s device to pay a fee to get the key to decrypt data and files and access the gadget. The ransom can vary from a few hundred dollars to thousands.
Your first opinion may be to pay the ransom amount and resolve the problem. Do not pay the ransom, because, there is no guarantee that you will actually get access to your device again after paying the extortion money.
It is trite but true – prevention is better than cure. Here are some tips to prevent ransomware attacks:
Data loss is the biggest loss from a ransomware attack and data can be files, pictures, and documents. To protect your data from ransomware, keep backing up entire files and document on a regular basis in a completely separate system.
You can use an external hard drive which is not connected to the internet. So, that if you have any ransomware attack, you will not lose your data or files. Most of the users save their data to external servers to keep the data secure if the main network is attacked.
Beware of Suspicious Emails, Websites, and Apps
To make ransomware work, hackers need to install the malicious program on a user’s device. After installation of malicious program ransomware starts encrypting files. The possible ways for the software to be installed on a victim’s computer or mobile are through phishing emails, malicious advertisement o websites, and suspicious surveys and programs.
Users should always pay attention while opening uninvited emails or browsing websites they are not familiar with. Never download and run an application which is not verified. Read reviews and feedback before installing any program.
Using an antivirus program can stop ransomware from being downloaded onto computer and can find it when it is.
Most of the antivirus software can scan files and information to detect if they might have ransomware before downloading them. Antivirus blocks hidden installation from malicious advertisement while browsing the internet and search for malware that may exist on a device.
Always Install Updates
Software companies usually release updates for their software to troubleshoot susceptibility that can be used to install ransomware. So, it is always recommended to keep the software to its upgraded version as soon as it is available.
Never Pay the Ransom
If you are the victim of ransomware attack, it is advised not to pay the fee as it strengthens hackers and possibly results in unrecovered files. There is some software which can assist you to decrypt files. Or, if you have back up of your data and files, use that data to restore your device.
Show File Extensions
Go to Windows settings and enable the option “show file extensions” to check extensions of files. This will make it easier to determine malicious files. As Trojan are programs, so we advised you to stay away from these file extensions such as “.exe”, “.vbs”, “.scr”. Always keep your eye on these types of files or similar file types to avoid the chances to get attacked.
Protect All your Devices
Ransomware can attack all types of operating system – not only Microsoft Windows – so it is required to take realistic preventive measures and keeping everything on mind whether you are investing in security for computer or mobile device. Smartphones and tablets are also popular victims for ransomware attacks.
Remember…Nothing can guarantee total security, so pay attention while you use computer & mobile devices.